Robotics in agriculture

Robotics Application in Organic Farming

Among the many obstacles in agriculture, the shortage of laborers has the highest impact. To overcome this problem, scientists have introduced many robotics in the field. The organic sector has many limitations, such as the use of pesticide, herbicide, and fertilizer.  Organic farming, therefore, requires a high workforce to apply organic fertilizer into the field, prepare insect repellants, and weed management. But due to a shortage of laborers, organic farmers face many problems. In this scenario, there is a need to use a variety of techniques to perform the required task with less workforce. Automation is a technology that is gaining popularity and is now widely used in agriculture. This article provides you with some information on the robotic application in organic farming.

Autonomous weeding robotic application in organic farming

Conventional farming used herbicides for weed control but not in organic farming. Therefore weed control is an issue in the organic field. There is enough equipment to remove weed in between the rows, but equipment that can be used to remove weed in the line is still under construction.  Therefore, many workers required to remove weeds. It is expensive and the problem of finding employees. If it is possible to replace a skilled robot that can remove weed carefully in the line without damaging the crop, there are many advantages to the farmer.

The automated weed robot is one of the robots that hope to use soon for weeding in the field. This is still under construction and it will provide many benefits. This automatic robot can work day and night and automatically remove weeds. Also, that robot is cheap, can use energy properly, and work without troublesome noise and without causing harm to people, animal, and properties. This would be very helpful for farmers.

Greenhouse robotic application in organic farming

With the global population increasing rapidly, there is an increasing demand for food and other product for humans. But at the same time, there is a shortage of arable land. Farmers have been inclined to use greenhouses as a solution to this situation. The advantages of planting crops in a greenhouse are protected against pests and diseases as well as protect against adverse weather conditions. Accidently, if a pathogen or insect enters the greenhouse, it can cause enormous damage to the crops in the greenhouse.

Scientists invented a greenhouse robot to detect those alien living organisms. The robot can identify the degree of the damage or the growing stage of the insect (whether it is an egg or a larva or an adult). This information is sent to farmers’ smartphone and then he can decide the next step to avoid this situation. Also, scientists are researching to create a robot that can harvest fruit and vegetables when ripe in greenhouses. The robot can reduce the water wastage by applying water for targeting specific crops.

Harvesting robotic application in organic farming

The inadequate number of workers to harvest and the gradual increase in daily wages has created problems. Modern robotics use for the selection and harvesting of fruit and vegetables which are suitable for consuming. Also, grading and quality control were done for fruit and vegetables. This robot can operate continuously 24/7. But this harvesting method is not applicable for every fruit or vegetable so far.  

Drone technology in organic farming

Proper monitoring of large scale farms and obtaining accurate data is practically impossible. The drone facilitates the way to provide this data. The drones can use for environmental monitoring, soil analysis, check crop damage and weed control, etc. The farmer can move the drone above his cultivation and can see the data via a tablet or smartphone.

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Source : https://www.researchgate.net

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